Asian Antiques Appraisals And Valuations

Fakes in the Art Market: How a Dealer Turned a Lemon into Lemonade

Shirley Mueller, MD

For me, this story is very strange. A dealer sold me a fake.  Then, he resisted taking it back. To put me further off from returning it, he cited his years of experience handling and selling Chinese porcelain as proof the piece must be authentic. For further ammunition, he threatened to take the case to BADA (the British Antiques Dealers Association) to discredit me. Lastly, he said that he would never sell to me again—

I’m not sure he had to worry about the latter, but it is duly noted.

So, there was tension between the dealer and myself regarding my wish to return the dish I purchased. The seller wanted me to retain it and he would keep my payment. I wanted him to take it back and make a refund. We were at loggerheads.

Read more

Fakes plaguing Chinese antiques market drive boom in research

bookArt advisers and dealers have been building private libraries of auction and exhibition catalogues in a bid to plug gaps in provenance.

A growing desire to understand and prove the provenance of goods in the fake-ridden Chinese antiques market has led to a boom in old auction and exhibition catalogues. This trade has been driven by China’s tens of thousands of art advisers, auction houses and dealers, who in recent years have been building private reference libraries for experts and clients. Book collectors and dealers in Hong Kong and Europe have been quietly doing a thriving business in catalogues for exhibitions and auctions of Chinese arts and antiques.

While China has always had a black market for imported art publications that cost a few dollars each, in-demand catalogues command prices in the thousands of dollars. One of the most sought after, for example, is the 127-page, 1950 catalogue for an exhibition of archaic Chinese jade at Florida’s Norton Gallery and School of Art. Written by the renowned Chinese art dealer CT Loo, the finest examples can be purchased for around $500. Meanwhile, the 244-page Illustrated Catalogue of Chinese Government Exhibits for the International Exhibition of Chinese Art in London, Volume II: Porcelain, has English and Chinese text, and was printed in 1935 and today costs $1,500.

Read more

Chinese Auction Houses Need To Take A Leaf From Cao Zhao’s Book

chinese-auctionWhen in 1388, during the first years of the Ming dynasty, Cao Zhao, an author from the Yangtze city of Songjiang, published the Ge Gu Yao Lun (Essential Criteria of Antiquities), he had no idea that 600 years later, his advice to collectors would be the litmus test of a multibillion-dollar industry in 21st-century China.

In essence, what Cao explains is that a concern for authenticity should dominate all other concerns such as aestheticism when it comes to artefacts. The fear of fakes, forgeries and inauthenticity was prevalent in 14th-century China. As the international art press and business media has mentioned at length, these fears are present again today as Chinese auction houses aim for the international market.

Read more

Irradiated ceramics, acid dipped bronzes, cut & shunt paintings – Whatever Next!

fakes-forgeriesWith the boom in the Chinese economy comes a demand among the Chinese nouveau riche for fine art and antiquities. But all is not always what it appears to be. For generations, Chinese artisans have expertly crafted reproductions of ancient artifacts, but with the arrival of a Chinese moneyed class, the production has ramped up.

In a workshop strewn with plastic, metals and the sound of crickets, craftsmen in the village of Yanjian, in Henan Province, are busy producing bronze works: horses, daggers, bells and ritual vessels — and all made to look like ancient Chinese relics.

After creating molds and casting the objects in bronze, workers place them in acid tubs and bury them underground for months at a time, hoping to recreate the effects of aging and produce works that looks as if they had just been unearthed from an ancient tomb.

Craftsmen with access to the chemical formulas for Chinese artifacts are reproducing them with qualities good enough to fool all but the most knowledgeable experts.

“Of course, we douse them with chemicals and bury them,” said one of the guides at the Yanyunjian Bronze Company, explaining the company’s production techniques and referring to the tradition of reproducing ancient bronze objects. “But this is a lot less disgusting than what they did during the 1970s and 1980s. Back then, they would soak the stuff in urine and animal excrement.”

Read more

Museum of fakes closes following online ridicule

fake-antiquesChinese authorities have closed a museum which contained scores of fake exhibits, including a vase decorated with cartoon characters billed as a Qing dynasty artefact, state-run media reported Tuesday.

The facility, built in northern China’s Hebei province at a cost of 540 million yuan ($88 million), has “no qualification to be a museum as its collections are fake”, a local official told the Global Times newspaper.

The Jibaozhai Museum in Jizhou City came to public attention after photographs of exhibits were posted online by popular writer Ma Boyong.

“This museum has changed the history of porcelain development in China,” Ma said.

Pictures posted by the state-run China Radio International (CRI) showed a vase decorated with bright green cartoon animals, including a creature resembling a laughing squid, which the museum displayed as a Qing dynasty relic.

Read more