Chinese Antique Glossary – D

Dehua

The Dehua kilns in Fujian province produced a number of different wares but are most famous for fine white porcelains with glossy, transparent, colorless glaze. The best known of these are Buddhist and Daoist figures, and vessels such as incense burners and vases. While the majority of Dehua porcelains are monochrome white, some have underglaze blue decoration and others bear designs in overglaze enamels. Dehua porcelains are among the few Chinese ceramics on which potter’s seals are regularly found. Dehua wares were exported to the west in considerable numbers, and some were made in forms designed to appeal to Western tastes. In older European books, Dehua porcelains are often referred to as Blanc-de-Chine.


Doucai

Literal translation: ‘colors which fit together’. This is a style of porcelain decoration in which the outlines of the design are painted directly onto the unfired body in underglaze cobalt blue. The piece was then glazed and fired, after which the other colors of the design were applied as enamels on the surface of the fired glaze, within the underglaze blue outlines. This style of decoration was developed in the first half of the 15th century and became popular in the Chenghua reign (1465-87).

Dynasties (of China)

Neolitic Period, c.6500-1700 BC
Xia Dynasty, c.2100-1600 CB
Shang Dynasty, c.1600-1100 BC
Zhou Dynasty, c.1100-256 BC
Qin Dynasty, 221-206 BC
Han Dynasty, 206 BC-AD 220
Three Kingdoms, 220-265
Jin Dynasty, 265-420
Southern Dynasty, 420-589
Northern Dynasty, 386-581
Sui Dynasty, 581-618
Tang Dynasty, 618-907
Five Dynasties, 907-960
Liao Dynasty, 907-1125
Song Dynasty, 960-1279
Jin Dynasty, 1115-1234
Yuan Dynasty, 1279-1368
Ming Dynasty, 1368-1644
Qing Dynasty, 1644-1911
Republic of China, 1912-1949
People’s Republic of China, from 1949 on