Chinese Antique Glossary – Q

Qin

The qin is a musical instrument favored by Chinese scholars. It is a stringed instrument, resembling a Western zither. The body, or sounding box, of a qin was usually made of two different types of wood. The upper section was made of tong wood and the lower part of zi wood. It was originally a five-stringed instrument, but it is believed that as early as the Zhou dynasty two further strings were added. All surviving qin are seven-stringed.

Qing Dynasty

1644-1911 and comprising:

Shunzhi, 1644-1661
Kangxi, 1662-1722
Yongzheng, 1723-1735
Qianlong, 1736-1795
Jiaqing, 1796-1820
Daoguang, 1821-1850
Zianfeng, 1851-1861
Tongzhi, 1862-1874
Guangxu, 1875-1908
Xuantong, 1908-1911

Qingbai

Literal translation: ‘blue-white’. This is the name given to a type of porcelain with transparent, glassy glaze, which has a bluish tinge caused by the reduction of small amounts of iron oxide in the glaze constituents. It was made at the Jingdezhen kilns in Jiangxi province from the 11th century and copied at many other kilns. Also known as yingqing.