Chinese Social History – Original Antique Photographs

Marquis Chi-tse Tseng
Chinese: 毅勇侯【(湖南湘鄉)】曾紀澤 (劼剛)
Also Known As: “Marquis Tseng”
Birthdate: 1839 (51)
Death: 1890 (51)

Immediate Family:

Son of Zēng Guófān 曾國藩 and 歐陽氏
Husband of 劉氏 and 賀氏
Father of 曾廣璇; 曾廣珣; 曾廣銘(殤); 曾廣鑾; 曾廣鐊(殤) and 1 other
Brother of 曾紀第; 曾紀靜; 曾紀耀; 曾紀琛; 曾紀純

Marquis Zeng Jize (Chinese: 曾纪泽; pinyin : Zēng Jìzé; Wade Giles, Tseng Chi-tse) (1839 – April 12, 1890), one of China’s earliest ministers to London, Paris and Saint Petersburg, played an important role in the diplomacy that preceded and accompanied the Sino-French War (August 1884–April 1885).

Zeng was appointed minister to Britain, France and Russia in 1878, and lived in Europe for seven years (1879–1885). He made his name as a diplomat in 1880 and 1881, by renegotiating the infamous 1879 Treaty of Livadia with Russia. The resulting Treaty of Saint Petersburg (February 1881), which reversed most of the Russian gains of 1879, was generally considered a diplomatic triumph for China.

Zeng’s duties as minister to Paris were dominated by the confrontation between France and China over Tonkin that eventually culminated in the Sino-French War. Zeng’s denunciations of French policy in Tonkin began softly enough in April 1882 after the capture of the citadel of Hanoi by Henri Rivière, grew more insistent as French ambitions became clearer in the summer of 1883, and reached a climax immediately after the Son Tay Campaign in December 1883.

Further Reading

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